850Mhz vs 1900Mhz

  • 1
  • Question
  • Updated 3 years ago
  • Answered
What is the difference with 850Mhz and 1900Mhz? I know 850Mhz travels farther distances and into buildings better, so what is 1900Mhz good for?
Photo of Dan

Dan, Champion

  • 9,684 Points 5k badge 2x thumb

Posted 3 years ago

  • 1
Photo of Graham

Graham, RF Engineering

  • 6,902 Points 5k badge 2x thumb
Official Response
FirstClass is correct both in that 850 penetrates far better and that they are both used for capacity on a single site.

For a calculation of how much better 850 is, there are a number of online calculators, just search for Free Space Path Loss Calculator.

For instance, 850 MHz at 1 kilometer (assuming 16 dbi transmit, 0 dbi receive) will have a free space path loss of 75 dB, whereas 1900 will have a loss of 82 dB. That 7dB difference tells us that 850 will have more than 4 times the power of 1900 at that distance.